Differences between Axis and Allies 1941 and classic edition

This may seem obvious, but apparently Axis and Allies 1941 has eliminated the construction of factories, and AA guns?

How do these changes affect the play of the game as compared to say, the Classic Edition?

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Has the Catholic Church responded to the argument that sex between a married couple can strengthen their…

This is a question I asked based on problems I struggle with as someone raised Catholic as part of a generation taught more about science than any generation before me. I can’t simply ignore science. So I ask this fundamental question:


If I were to sit down with my wife and watch TV, it would be a form of pleasure and bonding we share together, which is not a sin. But if I were to have sex with my wife without the intention to procreate, it would be considered a sin by the Catholic Church.

In science today, we have proven that love is not some magical thing, it’s a biological mechanism triggered chemically, and emotionally (emotion also being a biological mechanism).

The conventional view in biology is that there are three major drives
in love – sex drive, attachment, and partner preference. The primary
neurochemicals (neurotransmitters, sex hormones, and neuropeptides)
that govern these drives are testosterone, estrogen, dopamine,
oxytocin, and vasopressin. (Source : Wikipedia, see it’s own citations 1-7 which are largely peer-reviewed scientific journals).

According to studies, part of this biological mechanism that causes two people to become emotionally and romantically attached to each other is induced during sexual intercourse.

In humans and bonobos, the female undergoes relatively concealed
ovulation so that male and female partners commonly do not know
whether she is fertile at any given moment. One possible reason for
this distinct biological feature may be formation of strong emotional
bonds between sexual partners important for social interactions and,
in the case of humans, long-term partnership rather than immediate
sexual reproduction.
(Source: Wikipedia, with citation to Encyclopedia of Human Relationships.

If a couple is financially or legally unable to procreate, and does not have sex for this reason, that chemically induced biological bond is never refreshed. In other words sex is scientifically proven to strengthen the bond between husband and wife.

So as a student of science, you can see why I have difficulty understanding this teaching of the Catholic Church.

Why does God not approve of a loving married couple enjoying pleasure and passion together via sex, for the sake of strengthening their bond as a couple? Has the Catholic Church responded to the argument that sex between a married couple can strengthen their emotional bond? Is there any official literature or doctrines that address this argument specifically?

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Difference in boxing between PTS and UD

What’s the acutal difference? Isn’t the UD Unanimous decision as “united” decision, where all the referees agree, who is the winner. What’s then PTS meaning?

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What are the navigation considerations on the Youghiogheny, Casselman & Potomac Rivers between Ohiopyle…

I want to travel by canoe from Ohiopyle State Park to Cumberland, MD on the Youghiogheny, Casselman and Potomac Rivers

What are the navigation considerations? Also I will have a bike and trailer for the canoe, will be interested in bike trails paralleling or intersecting the river.

  • Locks and Dams
  • Camping/accommodations
  • Launches
  • River side services (away from large cities)

Hypothetically the trip would be completed, with only muscle power, rowing or pedaling. In either a single trip or by pedaling upstream and rowing down stream, in one or more outings.

Related (West) What are the navigation considerations on the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers between Ohiopyle State Park (PA) and Pittsburgh PA?

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Difference between local adverbs -aus/-ein and außen/innen [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

  • How to use the “hin” and “her” prefixes?

    5 answers

I have several problems trying to figure out when to use the following adverbs

  • heraus/hinaus (I ended using raus…)

  • herein/hinein (same but rein …)

  • Draußen/außen

  • Drinnen/innen

I checked these links, but were not so clear to me.

heraus/hinaus/herein/hinein

Draußen/außen/Innen/drinnen

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Is my understanding right about the actual differences between 240p and 480i?

After reading around on the web, including the authoritative site Scanlines Demystified I still am having trouble understanding the difference in signal between 240p and 480i. After reading the wiki on NTSC it appears as though a tv will flicker 60 times per second, alternating between odd fields and even fields. 480i matches that standard, providing 240 lines of data in one draw and then another 240 for the next draw.

My understanding is then that 240p is still a 480i signal, but it only sends half (one field) of data. So one field is full of color, and the next one is black. This results in the recognizable scanlines. Apparently the Framemeister has difficulty with changing between 240p to 480i. Is this just because it has different processing techniques when it detects a 480i signal or a 240p signal?

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What is the difference between 스스로 and 자기?

What is the difference between 스스로 and 자기?

I recently wrote the following sentence:

그냥 자기의 도전이라고 생각하고 있다.
I am thinking of it as just a challenge for myself.

A helpful soul helped me correct it to:

그냥 스스로에 대한 도전이라고 생각하고 있다.

Why is 스스로 more appropriate than 자기 or 자기 자신 here? When is each term used?

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What are the differences in usage and meaning between 아름답다, 예쁘다, 이쁘다 and 곱다?

These four words basically means ‘beautiful’, ‘lovely’, ‘pretty’, according to Naver Online Dictionary: 아름답다, 예쁘다, and 곱다.

From my own experience, it seems to me that 예쁘다 and 이쁘다 have the same meaning, maybe 이쁘다 being used more by younger people and could be more informal. I cannot remember hearing 곱다 and just saw it in a vocabulary list online (this prompted the question actually). When 예쁘다 is used for a man, it seems to me that it implies some androgynous beauty, as in the concept of ‘flower boy’.

What are the differences between them?

Intensity? Politeness/formality? Do they apply to people or to objects? To both genders (as ‘pretty’ cannot be applied to a boy, except to imply he is not manly/he has some delicate features usually associated to women)?.

If there are other words that relate to beauty, feel free to add them to an answer.

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What are the most striking disagreements between Clement of Alexandria and Irenaeus?

What are the most striking disagreements (if any) between Clement of Alexandria and Irenaeus?

The unanimity of the early Church Fathers is something that is often presented as an indisputable fact. However, while they were all in agreement about some major points of faith, there might have been some disagreements on some minor things. So, the question is about that.

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What are the most striking disagreements (if any) between the early Church Fathers of the second century?

What are the most striking disagreements (if any) between the early Church Fathers of the second century?

EDIT:
The unanimity of the early Church Fathers is something that is often presented as an indisputable fact. However, while they were all in agreement about some major points of faith, there might have been some disagreements on some minor things. So, the question is about that.

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