How to setup Firebase on IOS from a view controller(not AppDelegate)?


  • Xcode version: 9.4.1
  • Firebase SDK version: 5
  • Firebase Component: Messaging


I am trying to integrate Firebase messaging in IOS. My objective is to handle data messages both when app is in foreground and background.

Followed example mainly from here and some SO.

I have the following three main methods that sets up Firebase. My two main requirements are to handle token changes and process data messages.

- (void)initFirebase{
[FIRApp configure];

if (floor(NSFoundationVersionNumber) <= NSFoundationVersionNumber_iOS_9_x_Max) {
    printf("n#B initFirebase.IOS 9");
    UIUserNotificationType allNotificationTypes =
    (UIUserNotificationTypeSound | UIUserNotificationTypeAlert | UIUserNotificationTypeBadge);
    UIUserNotificationSettings *settings =
    [UIUserNotificationSettings settingsForTypes:allNotificationTypes categories:nil];
    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] registerUserNotificationSettings:settings];
} else {
    // iOS 10 or later
#if defined(__IPHONE_10_0) && __IPHONE_OS_VERSION_MAX_ALLOWED >= __IPHONE_10_0
    printf("n#B initFirebase.IOS 10+");
    UNAuthorizationOptions authOptions =
    | UNAuthorizationOptionSound
    | UNAuthorizationOptionBadge;
    [[UNUserNotificationCenter currentNotificationCenter] requestAuthorizationWithOptions:authOptions completionHandler:^(BOOL granted, NSError * _Nullable error) {

    // For iOS 10 display notification (sent via APNS)
    [UNUserNotificationCenter currentNotificationCenter].delegate = self;
    // For iOS 10 data message (sent via FCM)
    [FIRMessaging messaging].delegate = self;

[[UIApplication sharedApplication] registerForRemoteNotifications];
// NSLog(@"#B initFirebase.fir token is %@",[[FIRInstanceID instanceID] token]);
printf("n#B initFirebase. token: %s", [[[FIRInstanceID instanceID] token] UTF8String]);//token is null here

// [START refresh_token]
//called everytime token changes. must register
- (void)messaging:(FIRMessaging *)messaging didReceiveRegistrationToken:(NSString *)fcmToken {
printf("n#B didReceiveRegistrationToken. token: %s", [fcmToken UTF8String]);
//NSLog(@"FCM registration token: %@", fcmToken);
// Notify about received token.
NSDictionary *dataDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:fcmToken forKey:@"token"];
[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] postNotificationName:
 @"FCMToken" object:nil userInfo:dataDict];
// TODO: If necessary send token to application server.
// Note: This callback is fired at each app startup and whenever a new token is generated.
// [END refresh_token]

//called everytime a message is received. must call custom message handler
- (void)application:(UIApplication *)application didReceiveRemoteNotification:(NSDictionary *)userInfo fetchCompletionHandler:(void (^)(UIBackgroundFetchResult result))completionHandler{
printf("n#B application  didReceiveRemoteNotification message:");
//NSLog(@"#B received notification");
//handle the notification here

When initFirebase is called from AppDelegate.m ‘didFinishLaunchingWithOptions’, it works perfectly. Token is set. Messages are received.

- (BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions {

[self initFirebase];

return YES;

However, my requirement is to setup Firebase only when user selects an option from a setting.

When I call the ‘initFirebase’ code after the button is clicked only ‘didReceiveRegistrationToken’ is called.

Messages are not received at all. ‘didReceiveRemoteNotification’ never gets invoked.

Can Firebase not be initialized from a controller upon user action? What is the correct way to achieve this?

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root@srv:/home/root# time sh -c "dd if=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso of=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-9.iso bs=512k count=4000; sync"
4000+0 Datensätze ein
4000+0 Datensätze aus
2097152000 Bytes (2,1 GB, 2,0 GiB) kopiert, 285,634 s, 7,3 MB/s

real    5m48,305s
user    0m0,008s
sys     0m4,280s

root@srv:/home/xedex# time sh -c "dd if=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso of=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-10.iso bs=1024k count=4000; sync"
2228+1 Datensätze ein
2228+1 Datensätze aus
2336243712 Bytes (2,3 GB, 2,2 GiB) kopiert, 338,13 s, 6,9 MB/s

real    5m58,860s
user    0m0,000s
sys     0m4,240s

root@srv:/home/root# time sh -c "dd if=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso of=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-11.iso bs=512k count=4000; sync"
4000+0 Datensätze ein
4000+0 Datensätze aus
2097152000 Bytes (2,1 GB, 2,0 GiB) kopiert, 3,19221 s, 657 MB/s

real    5m18,637s
user    0m0,008s
sys     0m3,184s

root@srv:/home/root# time sh -c "dd if=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso of=/media/root/RAID6_34567/debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-12.iso bs=512k count=4000; sync"
4000+0 Datensätze ein
4000+0 Datensätze aus
2097152000 Bytes (2,1 GB, 2,0 GiB) kopiert, 3,17891 s, 660 MB/s

real    5m15,798s
user    0m0,012s
sys     0m3,176s

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