Service performed in Brazil for customer in Spain, paid in US

I am a resident of Brazil and recently did a job for a Spanish customer who paid me in the US.
I would like to know if I should pay tax on this job, and how I should do that. I do not have a social security number or anything in the US, as I am a non-resident.
Any ideas on that?

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Why, and how, was the Catholic Church in Spain reactionary in the early 20th century? [on hold]

Right now I’m trying to learn about Spain’s transition to democracy in the 20th century. To start, I’m looking at the civil war that took place in the ’30s. And the question I’m trying to answer is: what was everybody mad about?

Wikipedia (I know, I know) says:

“The central issue was the role of the Catholic Church, which the left
saw as the major enemy of modernity and the Spanish people, and the
right saw as the invaluable protector of Spanish values.”

They cite Richard Herr’s An Historical Essay on Modern Spain.

Given that the Church was viewed as defending the essence of the ancient nation from usurping modernity:

  1. Why was the Church reactionary in Spain in the first 4 decades of the 20th century?
  2. How did the Church come to be reactionary?
  3. How did the Church express its political position on the correct ordering of the Spanish nation and state?

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Why, and how, was the Catholic Church in Spain reactionary in the early 20th century?

Right now I’m trying to learn about Spain’s transition to democracy in the 20th century. To start, I’m looking at the civil war that took place in the ’30s. And the question I’m trying to answer is: what was everybody mad about?

Wikipedia (I know, I know) says:

“The central issue was the role of the Catholic Church, which the left
saw as the major enemy of modernity and the Spanish people, and the
right saw as the invaluable protector of Spanish values.”

They cite Richard Herr’s An Historical Essay on Modern Spain.

Given that the Church was viewed as defending the essence of the ancient nation from usurping modernity:

  1. Why was the Church reactionary in Spain in the first 4 decades of the 20th century?
  2. How did the Church come to be reactionary?
  3. How did the Church express its political position on the correct ordering of the Spanish nation and state?

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What was the Catholic Church trying to do in Spain in the 1930s?

Right now I’m trying to learn about Spain’s transition to democracy in the 20th century. To start, I’m looking at the civil war that took place in the ’30s. And the question I’m trying to answer is: what was everybody mad about?

Wikipedia (I know, I know) says:

“The central issue was the role of the Catholic Church, which the left saw as the major enemy of modernity and the Spanish people, and the right saw as the invaluable protector of Spanish values.”

They cite Richard Herr’s An Historical Essay on Modern Spain.

What I don’t understand is what the Church was doing that was so controversial. What was it that people on left and right were afraid of?

The left side wanted to reduce the influence of the Church. Why?

The right side wanted to keep the church as it was, or buttress it. Why?

Thanks very much!

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Filipina married to EU citizen wanting to live in Spain. Difficulty in applying Schengen Visa for a start

I am a Filipina and we recently got married in the UK while I am on a short-term visa. Our plan is to go to Spain and live there. We have difficulty getting accurate information about documents to provide, which is supposedly just our passports, marriage certificate and travel insurance.

We are planning to apply for a Schengen visa when we are back in the Philippines and yet I was rejected once before by the Spanish embassy when we were planning to go as tourists and were not married yet at that time.

It seems that the Spanish embassy in the Philippines is not forthcoming with the rules of Schengen requirements.It is difficult to them and their website it’s not so clear either. Now I am worrying I will be rejected again. What is the easiest process to obtain a Schengen visa where they are very straightforward rules and guidelines?

One thread mentioned the Czech Republic embassy in the Philippines. We are just confused with the EU rights of movement that we are supposed to have when going to Spain.

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Croatia Vs Spain

Croatia Vs Spain

Croatia Vs Spain

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Spain

Spain

Spain

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How can I stay more than 90/180 days in Schengen using Australia’s bilateral agreements with Spain and Austria?

I wish to travel as follows (and stay within visa rules everywhere, obviously):

  • Slovenia 2 days (this is where I will enter Schegen)
  • Austria 10 days
  • Czech Republic 3 days
  • Spain 45 days

This is total of 60 days within Schengen. Then at a later time, but within 180 days, I would like to spend more than 30 days in Estonia.

According to Visa Requirements for Australian Citizens bilateral agreements are in place between Australia and both Spain and Austria.

What can I do to ensure that my time in Spain and Austria is counted under these bilateral agreements and not considered to be part of the 90 day allowance within the Schengen region when I enter Estonia?

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Is it possible to fly from Germany to Spain using Residence Permit without a passport?

I hold an Egyptian passport and it’s currently at the USA embassy in order to obtain a business visa.

I have a business trip to Spain in few days and I’ll need to travel before I receive back my passport. Is it enough to travel from Germany to Barcelona with my permanent Residence Permit?

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